Power Flow Equation through an Inductive Load

Equation of power flow through an inductive load provides the relationship between the sending end voltage, receiving end voltage, line parameters viz. inductance and resistance of line and the impedance angle. The equation is general and can be well applied for Synchronous generator,Synchronous Motor and Transmission Line with slight but appropriate changes. In this post … Read more

Difference between Concentrated and Distributed Winding

The winding used in electrical machine can be broadly classified into two types: Concentrated Winding and Distributed Winding. Concentrated Winding In concentrated type of winding, all the winding turns are wound together in series to form one multi-turn coil. Examples of concentrated winding are field winding for salient pole synchronous machine and DC machine. In … Read more

Armature Winding and Its Types

Definition of Armature Winding Armature winding in an electrical machine is that winding which carries the load current. In other words, it can also be defined as the winding in which emf is generated due to air gap field flux. It should be noted here that, air gap flux or working flux is produced due … Read more

Difference between Lap and Wave Winding

The main difference between lap and wave winding is the manner of connecting the armature winding coil end to the commutator segment. In lap winding the top and bottom coil ends are connected to adjacent commutator segment whereas in wave winding, they are bent in opposite direction and connected to commutator segments which are approximately … Read more

Advantages of Wave Winding Over Lap Winding

Wave winding posses certain advantages over lap winding. The main advantage of wave winding is requirement of lesser amount of conductor and carbon brushes. This is because the number of parallel path in wave winding is always 2, therefore two carbon brushes are only required. A wave winding may be fitted with as many brushes … Read more

Armature Reaction in Alternator or Synchronous Machine

Armature winding in an electrical machine is the winding which carries the load current. Under no-load condition, the armature current is zero. But as the machine is loaded, load current flows through the armature winding and creates magnetic flux. The effect of armature winding mmf or flux on the main working flux created by field … Read more

Parallel Operation of Three Phase Transformer

Parallel operation of three phase transformer is very common in three phase power generation, transmission and distribution. It is advantageous to use two or more Transformer units in parallel instead of using a single large unit. This offers flexibility for maintenance as well as operation. Advantage of Parallel Operation of Three Phase Transformers It increases … Read more