## Pitch Factor or Coil Span Factor and Winding Factor

Pitch Factor or Coil Span Factor Pitch Factor or Coil Span Factor is definite as the ratio of emf generated in short pitch coil to the emf generated in full pitch coil. It is denoted by Kp and its value is always less than unity....

## Coil Pitch or Coil Span, Full Pitch, Short Pitch Coil and Chording Angle

Coil Pitch or Coil Span Coil pitch or coil span is defined as the angular distance between the two coil sides of one coil. It is expressed in terms of electrical space degree. Coil pitch is 180 electrical space degree for full pitch coil and...

## Distribution Factor – Definition, Calculation and Formula

Definition Distribution factor is defined as the ratio of phasor sum of coil emfs to the arithmetic sum of coil emfs. It is also known as Belt or Breadth factor and denoted by kd. In electrical machine, armature winding is distributed in the slots. It...

## Armature Reaction in Alternator or Synchronous Machine

Armature winding in an electrical machine is the winding which carries the load current. Under no-load condition, the armature current is zero. But as the machine is loaded, load current flows through the armature winding and creates magnetic flux. The effect of armature winding mmf...

## Parallel Operation of Three Phase Transformer

Parallel operation of three phase transformer is very common in three phase power generation, transmission and distribution. It is advantageous to use two or more Transformer units in parallel instead of using a single large unit. This offers flexibility for maintenance as well as operation....

## How to Calculate the Rating of Transformer

The rating of transformer is given in terms of its kVA, HV/LV voltage and phase rotation (for three phase transformer). To calculate the rating of the transformer for both single phase and three phase, the load required to be fed and voltage at which load...

## Concept of Rotating Magnetic Field

Rotating magnetic field is magnetic field which rotates in space about some point or axis. The North and South poles continuously rotates with a specific speed, called synchronous speed.  All poly phase electrical machines are associated with rotating magnetic field in the air gap. Therefore,...

## Air Gap Power in Induction Motor

Induction Motor works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. The three phase input power supplied to stator terminal is converted into mechanical power at the shaft output. This conversion of energy takes place through magnetic coupling between stator produced rotating magnetic flux and rotor bars....